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How to treat Stool Bleeding?

Published at : 09-07-2019 View : 15625

  Seeing a small amount of blood after wiping, on the outside of your stool, or in the toilet is most commonly caused by hemorrhoids or an anal fissure.

About Stool Bleeding

  Blood in the stool can be bright red, maroon in color or occult (not visible to the naked eye). Causes of blood in the stool range from harmless, annoying conditions of the gastrointestinal tract such as hemorrhoids and anal tears (anal fissures) from straining against hard stools with constipation to serious conditions such as cancer. Blood in the stool should be evaluated by a health care professional. The blood is found only by testing the stool for blood (fecal occult blood testing) in the laboratory. Occult bleeding has many of the same causes as rectal bleeding and may result in the same symptoms as rectal bleeding. It is often associated with anemia that is due to loss of iron along with the blood.



Causes of Stool Bleeding

  Possible causes of blood in stool include:

  Anal fissures also happen in adults, these fissures are the most common cause of bloody stool in infants. Such fissures are caused by constipation or passing of a large, firm stool. Anal fissures are cracks in the skin which are visualized after stretching the skin of the anus. Fortunately, anal fissures usually heal on their own but stool softening measures.

  Polyps refers to any projection from the intestinal tract. There are several types of polyps which vary depending on their histology and presentation. Adenomatous polyps are pretty common affecting about 25 percent of adults aged 50 and older.

  Hemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels which can extend from the anus; they look like cushions. Hemorrhoids are often uncomfortable itchy, painful, and bleeding bright red blood from the highly vascular circulation feeding the anus and rectum. Risk factors are plentiful and include diarrhea, constipation, heavy lifting, prolonged sitting, and pregnancy.

  Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a general term for autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the bowels. The two most common types of IBD are Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Initially, treatment for IBD is medication including steroids and immune-modifying agents.

  Ischemic colitis affect the elderly and can be acute or chronic. Ischemic injury results when intestinal blood flow to the colon is inadequate (think blood clot or atherosclerosis). In addition to blood in the stool, ischemic colitis can also present as diarrhea, an urgent need to defecate, abdominal pain and vomiting.

  Angiodysplasia is the cause of bloody stool is obscure, it's likely attributable to angiodysplasia or vascular malformation of the gut. Angiodysplasia is commonly associated with end-stage renal disease, von WIllebrand disease, and end-stage renal failure.

  Peptic Ulcers a peptic ulcer is an open sore in the lining of the stomach, upper end of the small intestine or duodenum caused by a bacterial infection.

  As you can now appreciate, bloody stool can be caused by many things. Some of these causes are annoying yet pretty harmless like hemorrhoids or anal fissures; other causes are a lot more concerning like cancer.

Treatment for Stool Bleeding

  Most patients only pass from a few drops to a spoonful of blood in their stool, which is referred to as mild rectal bleeding. Usually, mild rectal bleeding can be evaluated and treated in the doctor’s office and does not require urgent treatment or hospitalization.

  In other cases, patients report repeatedly passing larger quantities of blood that may be accompanied by blood clots. This moderate to severe rectal bleeding can deplete blood supply, causing weakness, low blood pressure, dizziness or fainting. Moderate to severe rectal bleeding often requires evaluation and treatment in the hospital.



    Note: Bloody stool can be a sign of a serious medical condition, it is suggested that anyone who notices blood in his or her stool speak with a physician to determine if further examination and treatment is needed.

  mail If you or a loved one complains of blood in the stool, you must see our doctors. Heng Kang Clinic have a quality equipments and advanced method of treating our patients. If you have any questions contact us at (02) 8356 - 0262 or click the consultation box at the right side of your screen.

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